Texas OKs Concealed Handguns on Campuses
Under New Law, College Presidents Can Designate ‘Gun-Free’ Zones
AUSTIN, Texas (AP) — Texas became the eighth state to allow concealed handguns in public college classrooms, dorms and buildings, while much-watched legislative efforts to curb the rising costs of free college tuition for veterans and their families collapsed.
After negotiating a last-gasp agreement with the House, the Senate’s Republican majority approved the so-called “campus carry” bill over the objections of most Democrats, gun control advocates and some prominent higher education officials.
The law will take effect Aug. 1, 2016. .
Campus carry has been one of the most contentious issues of the session. To get it through, supporters gave a major concession to worried campus officials by allowing colleges to carve out “gun free” zones at their schools.
Lawmakers agreed universities have unique areas such as hospitals, laboratories, daycare and grade school facilities where people shouldn’t be armed.
But while the bill allows college presidents to establish the gun-free zones, Senate Republicans warned they can’t just be sweeping bans on academic centers, dorms or student social areas.
“If universities violate the spirit of what we’ve done here, the Legislature will not be pleased,” said Sen. Brian Birdwell, R-Granbury, the author of the bill who negotiated the final version with the House.
Texas’ concealed handgun law formerly banned weapons from college buildings and classrooms. Gun rights activists have tried to lift the ban since a campus shooter killed 32 people at Virginia Tech in 2007.
The move had been opposed by law enforcement, student groups and some influential higher education officials, most notably University of Texas System Chancellor William McRaven, the former Navy SEAL who directed the commando raid that killed Osama bin Laden.
McRaven told lawmakers allowing guns in classrooms would make campus “less safe,” make it more difficult to recruit and keep top faculty, and stifle free speech.
“I have concerns about introducing guns into a university environment already fraught with stress,” said Sen. Jose Rodriguez, an El Paso Democrat who voted against it.
Gun advocates say there will likely be very few concealed weapons on campus because most students won’t qualify for one. The state’s concealed weapons law requires license holders to be 21. Texas has about 850,000 concealed handgun license holders.
A separate law that allows license holders to visibly carry their handguns in a holster would not apply to campuses.
Lawmakers removed a provision from the campus carry bill that would have forced private universities to also allow guns at their schools.
Birdwell said lawmakers did not want to step on private property rights. State law allows property owners to prohibit weapons.
“Private schools are private property,” Birdwell said. “Starbucks sells coffee, private schools sell an education commodity.”
Meanwhile, lawmakers reached no deal on veterans’ educational benefits. It also has been an area of concern for universities, as costs have ballooned since 2009, when veterans’ children began being allowed to use their parents’ unused credit hours.
Fiscal conservatives in the Senate muscled through major changes to reduce the program’s costs, but the House balked, saying it would hurt veterans. The chambers remained so far apart that no action was taken.
The state estimates costs have risen from $24.7 million in 2010 to $169 million last year. More than half of those using the benefit are children of veterans, not veterans themselves.
Schools fear those costs will rise further after a judge ruled Texas can’t limit the benefits to veterans living in the state.
Lawmakers agreed to continue studying the issue and gave colleges and universities $53 million to help defray costs the next two years — but many worry that won’t be enough.