FAST FACTS 2: Hispanic Population and the Condition of Latinos in Education
• Latinos are the second largest racial/ethnic group in the United States. In 2012, Latinos were 17 percent of the population (53 million people) while Whites were 63 percent.
• The Latino population is much younger on average than the majority. In 2013, the median age for Latinos was 28 compared to 43 for non-Hispanic whites.
• The majority of Latinos in the United States are of Mexican descent. In 2014, 64 percent of Hispanics were of Mexican descent, 9% Puerto Rican, 8% Central American, 6% South American, 3% Cuban, and 9% % other places.
• Hispanic children are more likely to live in poverty, along with African Americans, than others. In 2012, 33% of Hispanic families with children under the age of 18 lived below the poverty level, compared to 39% of African American families, 14% of Asian families and 13% of White families.
• In 2011, Hispanics represented 24% of public school enrollment in the United States. The percentage is expected to increase to 30 percent by 2023.
• Latino representation in K-12 schools varies by region. In 2011, Latinos made up 41% of K-12 enrollment in the West; 23% in the South; 18% in the Northeast and 11% in the Midwest.
• Hispanics have lower levels of educational attainment than others groups. In 2013, 22% of Hispanic adults (25 years and over) had earned an associate degree or higher, compared to 60% of Asians, 46% of Whites and 31% of African Americans.
• Educational attainment for Latinos has increased over the past ten years. Between 2004 and 2013, the number of Hispanics earning an associate degree or higher rose by 71%, from 3.8 million to 6.5 million.